A L G A E   P R O B L E M S

What is Algae?
Algae should be thought of as a type of simple plant that develops when water and light are present. Algae growing on your glass, ornaments, or gravel is not harmful to an aquarium but in most cases is considered unsightly and most people want to control or eliminate it.

What causes Algae to grow?
For algae to grow it needs light. Both the aquarium and room light can cause algae to grow. If your tank is getting more than 10 hours of light a day you may find it harder to control algae. Warm water and nitrates (which can build up from not doing regular water changes) will cause algae to grow quickly. Also if phosphates are present, they will promote algae growth. Extra phosphates can be caused by the food you are feeding, we recommend Nutrafin Max products because they are low in phosphates.

How to control Algae
1. Control the light received by the aquarium. The less light your tank gets, the less likely it is you will have algae

2. Regular water changes. Algae uses excess food and fish waste for fertilizer. By doing regular water changes you will reduce the amount of "food" the algae has.

3. Live plants fight algae for the nutrients in the water

4. Certain fish are "Algae Eaters" and will naturally help to control algae growth.

5. Many chemicals are available to help algae from growing. These chemicals are "inhibitors" and will prevent some algae from starting to grow but will not get rid of Algae after it has started. We recommend AlgaeFix, it is safe for both plants and fish.

6. You may want to purchase a scraper or pad to remove algae from the sides of the aquarium. Don't use anything not made for aquarium use to clean your tank, as it may contain chemicals that can be deadly to fish!

Algae blooms or green water problems
An algae bloom is a suspended algae that makes the water green but does not grow on glass or ornaments. If this happens to your tank the best way to get rid of it is by "starving" the Algae. Keep the tank as dark as possible. You may have to cover the tank with newspaper so it is completely dark for 48 hours (during this time only feed every other day). This will cause the algae to die. After 48 hours, do a 1/3 water change and, if necessary, add an algae reducing chemical. In some cases the water change may have to be repeated. Ask us for specifics.

To keep your tank virtually free of algae follow these steps...

1. Reduce the amount of light
2. Do regular water changes
3. Don't overfeed
4. Get an algae eating fish

...and you will control the problem.

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