Flea Control

Late March to early April is generally the beginning of the flea season in Indiana. The springtime conditions are perfect for flea survival and reproduction. In just one month a dozen fleas can multiply to more than a 250,000. For every adult flea that you find, you can be sure that there are hundreds, or possibly thousands, of fleas in various stages of life on your pet, in your home, and your yard. Controlling these pests can be difficult. You canít just treat your pet. Your home and yard must also be treated to be successful.

In order to kill fleas, you need to understand their life cycle. There are 4 stages; Adult, Egg, Larvae, Pupae or Cocoon.

Once the adult flea produces eggs, they fall off the pet into the carpet, bedding, etc. They hatch in 1-10 days and go into the larvae stage. Larvae crawls into dark, low traffic areas and in 5-11 days it goes into the pupae or cocoon stage.

Depending on heat, vibration, carbon dioxide and pressure (simulation), an adult flea will emerge in 7-10 days. The cocoon, if not stimulated, can remain dormant for up to 50 weeks.

After emerging from the cocoon, new fleas will again produce eggs and begin the cycle again.

Follow these steps for flea control:

Treat the animal:

Spot-on Treatments
+ Easy to use
+ Lasts 4 weeks
(Note: Some shampoos will remove spot on treatments)
- Cannot be used on young animals

Flea Shampoo
+ Least expensive
- Does not keep fleas from coming right back
- Takes some work for the bath
(Please read our effective flea bath procedure below)
- Some shampoo's cannot be used on young animals

Flea Spray
+ Can cover entire animal with spray
+ Works quickly
- Some products don't keep fleas from coming back

Flea Powder
+ Gentle
- Difficult to eliminate all fleas on pet

Flea Collar
+ Easy to use
- Not as effective as other treatments
- Does not eliminate all fleas on pet
- Must brush pet regularly to disperse the chemical over the body

Treat the environment

Carpet Spray
+ Can Direct Product onto problem areas
(Dark, quiet places. Under furniture/cushions)
+ Very effective in flea control
- Need to vacuum before use of spray, including furniture
(Note: It is important to vacuum, as the vibration from
the vac will cause flea cocoons to hatch. The
cocoons need to hatch as you can't kill a flea
when its in the cocoon.

+ Easy to use
- Cannot direct product onto problem areas
(Dark, quiet places - under furniture)

Yard Spray
It's important to treat the outside of your house as well
as the inside. Especially in dark areas such as decks, hedges,
along fences, etc.

Note: If conditions are right, any remaining flea cocoons should hatch in approximately 2 weeks. It is important to retreat treatment in 2 weeks.

Effective Flea Bath Procedure
Important, some flea shampoos are not safe for puppies under 12 weeks, nursing, or pregnant dogs. Check your label!

1. Do not wet the pet

2. Dilute the flea shampoo with water (half/half) to allow the shampoo work into the coat

3. Begin applying the diluted shampoo behind the ears making an entire ring around the neck.

4. Work shampoo onto head, avoiding the eyes.

5. After the head is covered in shampoo, work the shampoo onto the dry coat until the body is covered. You may need to add water at this point to get the shampoo over the body.

6. Don't miss the pads of the feet and ears.

7. Once the pet is thoroughly saturated, wait 5 minutes. If the pet is heavily infested, leave the shampoo on for 10 minutes.

8. It is only now that you put water on the pet to rinse the shampoo.





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